Cabo Delgado is the northernmost province of Mozambique. It has an area of 82,625 km² and a population of approximately 1.5 million (2002). As well as bordering the neighboring country of Tanzania, it touches fellow provinces Nampula and Niassa. On September 25, 1964, Frelimo solders, with help from the surrounding population, attacked an administrative post in the province. This raid marked the beginning of the armed struggle against the Portuguese colonial occupiers in Mozambique.
Pemba is a port city in Mozambique. It is the capital of the province of Cabo Delgado and lies on a peninsula in Pemba Bay.
Pemba is also renowned as being a prime destination for water sport and diving enthusiasts as a coral reef lies close to the shore. Pemba has increasingly become a tourist destination, particularly for upper-middle class Mozambicans and South Africans. There is now a weekly flight from Johannesburg to Pemba, a five-star hotel, the Pemba Beach Hotel, restaurants, and other forms of entertainment.