Zambezia is the second most-populous province of Mozambique, located in the central coastal region south of Nampula and north of Sofala. It has a population of approximately 3.5 million (2002). The provincial capital is Quelimane on the Bons Sinais River.
Zambezia has a total area of 103,127 km², much of it drained by the Zambezi River. Much of the coast consists of mangrove swamps, and there is considerable forest inland. Agricultural products include rice, maize, cassava, cashews, sugarcane, coconuts, citrus, cotton, and tea.
Quelimane (pronounced "Kelly-mane") is a seaport in Mozambique, with a population of 153,187 (1997 census). It is the administrative capital of the Zambezia Province and the province's largest city.
The river Rio dos Bons Sinais (or "River of the Good Signs"), was named when Vasco da Gama, on his way to India, reached it and saw "good signs" that he was on the right path. The town was the end point of David Livingstone's famous west-to-east crossing of south-central Africa in 1856.