(2010-12-03) “Challenges for Mozambique”
The Mozambican Think Tank IESE (Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos), with its director Nuno Castel-Branco, recently published a book, the “Desafios para Moçambique 2010”, written in Portuguese – a “must” for everybody interested in the future of Mozambique.
The publication covers Politics, Economics, Society and International Aspects, reflecting not only the research interest of IESE, but also highlighting the ongoing debates in Mozambique.
If you take, for example, the Economic chapter and you are used to reading about Mozambique’s impressive growth rates, the mega projects, wonderful strategies and macroeconomic stability, you may be surprised about the critical insights Castel-Branco and his team are presenting. They are asking if growth in Mozambique is and can be sustainable, organic and inclusive.
If you think about the Mozambican success-story of economic growth without the few “mega projects”, if you analyze the continuing dependence on donor money and foreign capital, if you reflect upon the not diversified economy and its missing links and the fragmented and uncoordinated development strategies, just to give some examples, you will come to a more challenging and concerning picture.
Mozambique needs profound political and structural reforms. Its future will not only depend on transparent and coordinated policies for the extractive industries and more linked and diversified SME’s, but also on a real success story in the agro-business. The role of government and party in the economic development process and use of resources has to be questioned.
Dr. Friedrich Kaufmann
Private Sector Development Consultant and Honorary Professor at UCM
O País Today